Kurunegala, Hambantota, Ratnapura, Kandy, Matale
In January 2011, the results of a four-week clinical trial were published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, which showed that a 2,000 mg daily dose of bitter melon significantly reduced blood glucose levels among patients with type 2 diabetes, although the hypoglycemic effect was less than a 1,000 mg/day dose of metformin.
Native to tropical Asia, the bitter gourd has a long history dating back to about 600 years in China. The Chinese associated the bitter gourd as a beneficial vegetable for medicinal purposes, particularly for those suffering from diabetes. Additionally, it was used as a folk remedy for curing tumors, asthma, skin infections, GI problems, and hypertension. In many cultures various parts of the bitter melon plant including the leaves are used as a contraceptive as they have been shown to have an antifertility effect in both males and females.
A combination of sweet, savory, and spicy flavors at once masks and complements the bitterness of bitter squash. This stir fry pairs this veggie with a rich, unctuous sauce made from fermented black beans, fish sauce, and chiles.